The pack ice of the Arctic is melting more and more. The humans carry the blame for this enormous problem – the bear is loaded by the helplessly exposed Arctic inhabitant: the polar bear.
When the home melts away
The average temperature of the Arctic has risen by about five degrees Celsius in the last hundred years, the area of the pack ice reduced significantly to a size of about 4.7 million square kilometers and is getting thinner and thinner, so the hunting ground of the bears is getting smaller. The reason for it is always the same shit: Climate change! This threatens now also the last 26,000 polar bears alive and predictions say nothing good – two-thirds of the polar bears could be extinct by 2050, as the pack ice will continue to melt.
In the Arctic winters and in the spring, the polar bears live on the pack ice, which covers the polar sea around the North Pole. At this time, the bears are sitting on the ice floes and lurking for their favorite loot and main food source, the ringed seal. They hunt and eat as much as possible to collect large fat reserves – which they need to survive for the following months, when the pack ice begins melting and thus the seals can’t be hunt anymore. At the beginning of spring, the animals are stranded on the mainland, unable to follow the rapid decline of the ice. The problem is that at this time they find little food, they starve and survive mainly because of their fat reserves. They also have a lack of strength and energy to hunt for example a reindeer or other animals. Since the bears are plagued by hunger, they naturally come closer and closer to settlements, as they search there for food.
Starving to painful death
Normally the pack ice comes back to the end of the summer months, but this comeback moved backwards since the last few years. In some parts of the Arctic, this ice-free time has now extended to more than five months and so the polar bears have to stay on the mainland for longer and there they have to continue starving – many bears, especially juveniles, die as a result of malnutrition. In addition, it is also difficult to find a breeding partner, which further boosts the species decline, since there are hardly any more offspring.
We have to protect our earth
Paul Nicklen, the Canadian photographer and co-founder of the environmental organization Sea Legacy, was traveling with his expedition team to the coast of the Baffin Islands, the largest islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, southwest of Greenland. There, the environmentalists watched and filmed a polar bear pup, which dragged itself powerless, dirty and extremely emaciated through the barren landscape, repeatedly collapsed and searching for food in garbage cans. This video now goes around the world – Nicklen is trying to make people aware of the fatal effects of climate change! Quote Paul Nicklen: “As the earth continues to heat up, all the polar bears and the entire ecosystem at the North Pole will disappear. We need to reduce our carbon footprint, eat the right food, stop cutting down our forests, and start putting the earth – our homeland – first.”
And of course we fully agree with Nicklen! Here in Costa Rica, the animal and nature conservation is very important: The forests aren’t cut down and the government has closed the last zoos – as you can see, Costa Rica is always a showpiece. And also in the Hotel Costa Rica the ecological footprint is kept as low as possible. But as the Polar bear in the Arctic, in Costa Rica the Coral Reefs are in danger.