There have been cases of Dengue again in Guanacaste, Costa Rica and in other parts of the country. The situation is not as dramatic as it has been two years ago and most of the patients get better after a couple of days.
Santa Cruz the most affected
The canton Santa Cruz in Guanacaste has registered the most patients who caught the Dengue fever. During the last months, up to 100 cases per week had to be treated.
The Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue is widely spread in tropical regions such as Central America. If treated on time, patients recover after a few days. However, the disease can be deadly if not treated adequately.
This year until November there have been more than 800 cases of Dengue reported in the canton Santa Cruz and since August it has been declared an epidemic. Especially in November and December the risk is high, as in the transition time from rainy to dry season stagnant water can be found frequently. This is the breeding place for the mosquitoes.
Protection and prevention
Other regions of Costa Rica will help the canton with fumigation, but the epidemic won’t be eliminated like this, says Ministry of Health’s officer Warren Chavarria. It is also important to destroy the possible breeding places. A bottle top is sufficient for the eggs to develop to mosquitoes.
Costa Rica travelers protect themselves the best by avoiding breeding spots and by preventing mosquito bites using protection products and mosquito screens.
However, in most parts of Guanacaste the situation is not that dramatic. Furthermore, one can assume that the mosquito population will shrink or already has shrunk due to the dry weather we have had since more than a week now.